Skip to main content

The Globe and Mail

Archival images show Geronimo after his surrender in 1886

Sept. 4, 1886

“I will quit the warpath and live at peace hereafter,” the Apache chief known as Geronimo told U.S. General Nelson Miles near Skeleton Canyon in Arizona, marking the end of the “Indian Wars” in the Southwest. Geronimo had fought Americans and Mexicans for 30 years, after Mexicans slaughtered his family in a raid. But his remaining followers were hungry and outnumbered. Geronimo later said he was betrayed. Forced to live in Oklahoma, where he farmed and converted to Christianity, he was never allowed to return to his homeland. He attended the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis, where he sold signed photographs and took part in roping contests, but was kept under guard. In 1905, he marched in Theodore Roosevelt’s inauguration parade with five other chiefs. He died in 1909 at age 79.

Geronimo, Chiricahua Apache leader, c. 1907. Credit: Library of Congress

The Apache leader Geronimo drives a Ford automobile, ca. 1904, carrying three other Native American passengers. CORBIS

Geronimo, the great Apache chieftain at 70 years old, attends the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis. Credit: Library of Congress

Chief Geronimo rides atop a horse with other warriors shortly before his surrender to General Crook, 1886. CORBIS

A conference with Geronimo and General George Crook, 1886, Tombstone, Arizona. CORBIS

Geronimo, Chiricahua Apache leader, c. 1898. Credit: Library of Congress

Story continues below advertisement

Report an error Licensing Options
Comments

The Globe invites you to share your views. Please stay on topic and be respectful to everyone. For more information on our commenting policies and how our community-based moderation works, please read our Community Guidelines and our Terms and Conditions.

We’ve made some technical updates to our commenting software. If you are experiencing any issues posting comments, simply log out and log back in.

Discussion loading… ✨

Combined Shape Created with Sketch.

Combined Shape Created with Sketch.

Thank you!

You are now subscribed to the newsletter at

You can unsubscribe from this newsletter or Globe promotions at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of the newsletter, or by emailing us at privacy@globeandmail.com.