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Dutch Queen Beatrix announced she will abdicate April 30, clearing the way for her son to become king.

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Former Queen Juliana is seen in this March 1943 file photo when she was still a princess in exile in Ottawa. She is flanked by Princess Irene, left, Beatrix and Prince Bernhard. In her arms is Princess Margriet.

FILES/AP

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Dutch royal entourage (from left) Renee Roell, Martine Feaver, Princess Margriet, former Queen Juliana, nursemaid Sophia Feith, Queen Beatrix and Princess Irene found a warm welcome in Canada.

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Beatrix and her bridegroom, Claus von Amsberg, walk from the Royal Palace in Amsterdam this morning on their way to civil ceremony that preceded church wedding, March 10, 1966.

AP

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In this April 30, 1980 file photo, Queen Beatrix is shown during her crowning ceremony at Nieuwe Kerk, or New Church in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

AP

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Prince Claus, right, the German-born husband of Dutch Queen Beatrix, is seen in this file photo from Dec. 23, 1984 in Lech, Austria during their winter sports vacation.

AP

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Dutch Queen Beatrix waves to the public in Wijhe, 30 April 2003. The Dutch Royals are spending the Queen's day, Princess Juliana’s birthday, in Wijhe.

VINCENT JANNINK/AFP

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Queen Beatrix (C) of the Netherlands poses with her son Prince Johan Friso, his wife Princess Mabel and the couple's newborn daughter Countess Luana in the Hague in this April 24, 2005 file photo.

Pool/Reuters

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Former Governor-General Adrienne Clarkson, left, and Dutch Queen Beatrix, right, walk together during the welcome ceremony at the palace Noordeinde in The Hague, the Netherlands, Monday, May 2, 2005.

FRED ERNST/AP

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Veteran Jim Gibb, from Oakville, Ont., speaks with Queen Beatrix after memorial ceremonies in Groesbeek Canadian Military cemetery in Groesbeek, Netherlands, Tuesday May 3, 2005.

Ryan Remiorz/The Canadian Press

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Netherlands' Queen Beatrix (R) and her son Crown Prince Willem-Alexander wave to well-wishers from the balcony of the Royal Noordeinde Palace after opening the new parliamentary year in The Hague September 21, 2010.

Jerry Lampen/Reuters

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Queen Beatrix (R), Princess Maxima (C) and Crown Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands listen to a speech during the annual Queen's day in Veenendaal April 30, 2012.

Pool/Reuters

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Netherlands' Queen Beatrix (R), her son Prince Willem-Alexander (C) and his wife Princess Maxima are seen waving to well-wishers from the balcony of the Royal Palace Noordeinde, after the Queen officially opened the new parliamentary year for 2013, at The Hague on this September 18, 2012 file photo.

Stringer/Reuters

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Dutch Queen Beatrix, who turns 75 on Thursday, announces her abdication in favour of her son, Prince Willem-Alexander, during a hastily announced broadcast on Dutch National Television to the nation at her home palace in The Hague in this January 28, 2013 photo.

HANDOUT/REUTERS

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