Adrian Jess has gone from selling vinyl records under the nickname the Human Jukebox to packing boxes at the medical goods company where he now works, and then becoming its director of technical services and logistics – but he's still looking to gain that career edge.
Mr. Jess wanted the knowledge, input from business experts and camaraderie of classmates that go along with taking a regular MBA, and his former boss had said the company would have footed the tuition costs. Still, Mr. Jess couldn't see fitting MBA studies into his busy personal and work life – not unlike many other Canadians looking to get a foot up in the business world in these time-strapped, financially constrained times.
Instead, Mr. Jess enrolled in a much shorter and less expensive alternative: a mini-MBA, a fast-growing approach to continuing business education.
"To expand my skills, I've really worked hard and a former boss recognized that," says Mr. Jess, who was hired 16 years ago by ConMed Linvatec Canada with just a high-school diploma. "But after going to my [company's] head office in Florida, and after talking to a few people, I soon realized I'd be stuck if I didn't do more, but the time frame for a full MBA is pretty daunting – you need to commit, and if you still need to keep a full-time job and keep your family going, it would be pretty hard."
Mr. Jess has taken numerous courses – in strategic management, logistics and critical thinking, for instance – at York University's Schulich School of Business in Toronto. At 49, with funding from his employer, Mr. Jess started Schulich's Essentials of Management mini-MBA program last April and completed it in June, earning a certificate. A top-ranked MBA school (with tuition of about $32,905 this fall/winter in the two-year full-time program), Schulich began offering its new mini-MBA this year at a cost of $9,250. "I found it [the mini-MBA] to be for myself, personally, probably just right," says Mr. Jess, noting students attend nine days of classroom time, and work on their own and in groups.
Mini-MBAs, an MBA boot camp aimed mostly at middle managers, might seem like a new phenomenon, but they can be traced back in Canada to the late 1940s at McGill University in Montreal.
McGill's Desautels Faculty of Management now has various mini-MBA programs: Its executive development course, which will be offered starting at $3,000 in cities including Toronto, Calgary and Ottawa in 2015, condenses topics from MBA and executive MBA courses into eight days.
Mini-MBAs are also sweeping business schools in the United States.
They've been so in demand at the Rutgers Center for Management Development in New Jersey, for instance, that it now offers 18 mini-MBA programs, including ones for digital marketing, dentistry, biopharma innovation, social media and entrepreneurship. Among online mini-MBAs, the University at Buffalo says its program, which has no degree requirements, "builds a foundation for making sound business judgments and decisions."
Why not an MBA?
Besides coming with often strict education and test requirements, and attracting enrollees typically five years into their careers, MBA degree programs are among the most expensive at the postsecondary school level – annual tuition averaged $24,168 for 2013-14 in Canada, according to Statistics Canada. EMBAs averaged $35,899.
Mini-MBAs, on the other hand, are typically non-credit certificate programs and commonly condensed versions of MBAs that aim to improve business and leadership skills in areas including short- and long-term planning, marketing, managing financial resources, conducting negotiations, human resources and technology development.
Tuition and length of mini-MBA programs vary: from about $3,000 (such as at McGill, and at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Business for its MBA Essentials for Managers course of eight evening sessions over three weeks), to $8,500 for the Business Essentials program at the University of Calgary's Haskayne School of Business that is held over 12 Fridays.
Whetting the B-school appetite
Some business schools, like Haskayne and Schulich, have designed their mini-MBA programs as an appetizer for a full MBA.
"The mini-MBA is our recognition that our executive audience has changed, and is demanding more sophistication than was the case in past years," says Rhona Berengut, director of Schulich's mini-MBA program, which has MBA program faculty as its instructors.
"All the courses in the mini-MBA are taken directly from the Schulich MBA program – we want students to not only get the flavour of the courses, but also the faculty from the business school as well."
Referring to mini-MBA students such as Mr. Jess, she says: "A lot of people, especially those who are sort of two-thirds of the way through their careers, and feel stuck and don't know what to do, they want to brighten the lights, if you will, of their careers – they want to shine a little differently and don't want to go back to school [for a full MBA].
"Both [the MBA and mini-MBA programs] are very interactive, there's a project, discussions, simulation – that is the kind of education that gets you thinking on your feet, sharing ideas and learning from your peers."
Careful of the 'quick win'
Career counsellors, however, stress that mini-MBAs aren't an MBA or EMBA substitute, because they won't provide the full depth of business education.
Canadian career strategist Maureen McCann, who is not affiliated with any business school, says while pursuing more education "demonstrates initiative and ambition, two very attractive qualities in a candidate, the downside to pursuing a mini-MBA is that it can appear to be a quick-win and suggest that a candidate is not fully committed to pursuing an MBA or EMBA."
In the end, though, "Employers are looking for candidates who can add immediate value to their organizations," says the Ottawa resident who's living in Belgium but working virtually with Canadian clients through her business, ProMotion Career Solutions. "Whether a mini-MBA, MBA or EMBA, the credentials may get you in the door; it's what you do with them that determines whether you'll be invited to stay."
Opening the mind to ' bigger view'
For Mr. Jess, the project he completed in a group with four other students, in the mini-MBA class of about 35, taught him skills he has brought into his job at ConMed Linvatec, a provider of sports medicine and orthopedic products.
Members of each group were given the task of assessing a microbrewery's current business strategy and whether it could be improved over the long term. Mr. Jess was then chosen by the group to present the project before a panel that included Ms. Berengut, Alan Middleton, executive director of Schulich's Executive Education Centre, and the former head of marketing of a brewery.
"To this day, overall, it has just opened up my mind to take a bigger view of your business, because sometimes you can make decisions in a bubble," Mr. Jess says of his mini-MBA experience.
"One of the things in health care is you're always under the microscope, so hospitals are constantly trying to find ways to balance budgets and cuts," he adds. "We also go against a lot of competitors, going through requests for proposals. Right now, we're working on one proposal that's almost provincial in size. … Some of the things I learned from [the mini-MBA] course, I have started applying them, since we had to forecast using budgets for our company 10 years from now."
Hugh Evans, director of executive education at Haskayne, which has long offered an MBA and started its mini-MBA program in 2002, recalls one student who was working with the Calgary Stampede and taking the mini-MBA to help him examine the strategies surrounding animal welfare from an activist perspective. Another student, an entrepreneur with a patent for an oil patch technology, took the mini-MBA course to help him figure out how best to manufacture his invention.
Mr. Jess, for one, says completing his mini-MBA isn't the end of the business education road. He has already signed up for another course at Schulich in the new year. "And the thought of an MBA is still kind of out there for me."