Skip to main content

At the entrance to Kuujjuaq, Que., stands this huge Inukshuk.

Tibor Kolley/The Globe & Mail

Think of Jean Charest's $80-billion Plan Nord strategy as a bridge between resource development and the 33,000 aboriginal people of the North. The Quebec Premier is betting aboriginal groups will buy into development if they see tangible benefits. So he's promising to pump taxes and new higher mining royalties into roads, airports, housing, health care and education, including $1.6-billion between 2011 and 2016 (average: $326-million a year).

But details on much of the $80-billion, 25-year plan is either murky or already committed. More than half the money comes from already planned or proposed Hydro-Québec projects ($47-billion). Private investment in mining and government-financed infrastructure make up the rest.


Story continues below advertisement

Quebec has four northern ports, 26 airports, 1,200 kilometres of rail tracks and 51,000 kilometres of logging roads. The province is vowing to integrate the region's ports, airports and roads into a more cohesive network. The first phase of that work includes $821-million worth of road expansions. It's also exploring the feasibility of putting a deepwater port in Whapmagoostui-Kuujjuarapik as well as linking Kuujjuaq to the rest of the province by road or rail


Hydro-Québec is spending billions on several major hydro projects, including the 920-megawatt Eastmain-Sarcelle-Rupert on the North Shore; the 1,550-megawatt La Romaine on the North Shore ($6.5-billion); and the 1,200-megawatt Petit-Mécatina, also on the North Shore. The provincially owned utility is also promising other small-scale projects for local use by mining companies and aboriginal communities, including a wind power-diesel project in Kangiqsualujjuaq and an underwater generator in Kuujjuaq. But details are scarce.


Investment is pouring into mining development in northern Quebec at a rate of nearly $1-billion a year, employing 10,000 people in the region. The area has tapped an untapped nickel, cobalt, zinc, iron ore, copper, gold, uranium, apatite, diamonds, niobium and tantalum. Eleven major mining projects are in various stages of development, including Xstrata's $1-billion phase 2 of the Raglan mine in Nunavik (nickel and copper); New Millenium Capital Corp.'s $4-billion DSO project on the North Shore (iron); Goldcorp subsidiary Mines Opinaca Ltée's $1.4-billion Éléonore project in James Bay (gold); and Stornoway Diamond Corp.'s $450-million Renard mine in James Bay (diamonds).

Forestry, telecommunications and tourism

The provincial government is pledging to invest in engineered wood products, "green" chemistry and bio-energy, while also studying the potential of vegetation north of the 53rd parallel. It is spending $28.8-million to put in a fibre-optic network across the James Bay region. The province will also promote the region's tourism attractions, including cruise ships, hydroelectric plant visits and wilderness tours.

Story continues below advertisement



Hydroelectric projects (underway and planned)

- Eastmain 1A-Sarcelle Rupert (James Bay): $5-billion, 920 megawatts, planned completion 2012.

- La Romaine (North Shore): $6.5-billion, 1550 MW, planned completion 2014-2020.

- Petit-Mécatina (North Shore): 1200 MW.

Story continues below advertisement

- Saint-Marguerite-3 power plant (North Shore): 440-MW expansion, planned completion 2013.

- Jean Lesage power plant (North Shore): 120-MW expansion, completion 2013.

- René Lévesque power plant (North Shore): 210-MW expansion, completion 2013.

- Various small-scale projects to power mining projects in the North.

Mining (11 planned projects worth $8.24-billion)

- Xstrata, phase 2 of Raglan nickel mine in Nunavik (nickel copper), $1-billion.

- MDN Inc., Crevier project, Saguenay-Lac-St. Jean (niobium and tantalum).

- New Millenium Capital Corp., DSO project, North Shore (iron), $4-billion.

- ArcelorMittal Mines Canada, Mont Wright and Port Cartier Projects, North Shore (iron).

- Ressources Strateco Inc., Matoush project, James Bay (uranium).

- Stornoway Diamond Corp. Renard project, James Bay (diamonds), $450-million.

- Jien Canada Mining, Nunavik project (nickel and copper).

- Mine Arnaud project, North Shore (apatite).

- Xstrata, Bracemac-McLeod project, James Bay (zinc and copper), $160-million.

- Metanor Resources, Bachelor project, James Bay (gold).

- Goldcorp/Mines Opinaca, Éléonore project, James Bay (gold), $1.4-billion.

Proposed mining projects

- Tata Steel, Schefferville iron mines, $300-million.

- ArcelorMittal, Wright Mine, Fermont (iron ore), looking at 50-per-cent expansion.

- Yara International, mine project, Sept-Iles, (apatite), feasibility study.

- Adriana Resources, Otelnuk project, Nunavik (iron ore), $10-billion.


- Rebuild Route 389 from Baie-Comeau to Fermont.

- Extend Route 167 to the Otish Mountains, $279-million.

- Extend Route 138 to Blanc-Sablon and between Natashquan and Kegaska, $251-million.

- Conduct feasibility of a road or rail link from Kuujjuaq southward, $57-million.

- Conduct feasibility of a deepwater port in Whapmagoostui-Kuujjuarapik, plus road link to Radisson ($33-million).

- Upgrade 26 northern airports.


- $28.8-million to put in a fibre-optic network throughout the James Bay region (completion 2011).

Barrie McKenna

Report an error Licensing Options
About the Author
National Business Correspondent

Barrie McKenna is correspondent and columnist in The Globe and Mail's Ottawa bureau. From 1997 until 2010, he covered Washington from The Globe's bureau in the U.S. capital. During his U.S. posting, he traveled widely, filing stories from more than 30 states. Mr. McKenna has also been a frequent visitor to Japan and South Korea on reporting assignments. More

Comments are closed

We have closed comments on this story for legal reasons. For more information on our commenting policies and how our community-based moderation works, please read our Community Guidelines and our Terms and Conditions.