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Goldman and Buffett scratch each other’s backs again

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Goldman Sachs and Warren Buffett have found a way to scratch each other's backs – again. The mutual assistance started during the crisis when the Sage of Omaha stepped in with a $5-billion (U.S.) rescue investment in 2008 that provided him with a healthy 10-per-cent yield on Goldman preferred shares. Now, they're amending terms of warrants granted to Mr. Buffett in the same deal that also works well both ways.

The new agreement simplifies one entitling Mr. Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway to buy 43.5 million Goldman shares for $115 apiece. Based on the current share price of about $146, that would have left the conglomerate $1.4-billion in the money and as Goldman's biggest shareholder with about a 9-per-cent stake.

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The revised structure keeps Mr. Buffett in the black, assuming the stock doesn't tank between now and October. Now, however, he isn't obligated to shell out $5-billion to buy the stock. Instead, Berkshire will simply receive enough shares to cover the profit.

Without any outlay, Mr. Buffett can brag of an infinite return on the warrants. More practically, by not tying up the cash in Goldman, he can keep it in reserve for another Heinz-like elephantine acquisition target. Following the co-purchase of the ketchup maker, his reserves will dip by almost a third to about $30-billion.

Goldman, meanwhile, escapes some irritating side effects of the investment. It will no longer dilute shareholders as much. Instead of issuing 9 per cent of new stock, based on Tuesday's price it should only need to issue about 2 per cent.

It also means Goldman will suffer a lesser hit to its rate of return. The 43.5 million shares Mr. Buffett was due would have increased the bank's common equity by 9.3 per cent. Applied to expected 2013 earnings, as tallied by Thomson Reuters, the bank's return on equity would have been primed to drop from 9.4 per cent to an even more disappointing 8.6 per cent.

There's one more benefit for the bank led by Lloyd Blankfein. It will now have 34 million fewer shares to worry about negotiating with the Federal Reserve for permission to buy back. For Goldman, Mr. Buffett's aid keeps on giving.

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