Standard Chartered PLC will pay $340-million (U.S.) to New York's bank regulator over transactions linked to Iran, in a speedily arranged deal likely to cheer its shareholders.
The deal with New York Superintendent of Financial Services Benjamin Lawsky still left the British bank facing a separate probe of Iran-linked transactions by other U.S. authorities.
The agreement on Tuesday capped a week of transatlantic tension and a furore over why a state agency had upstaged the other authorities.
The resolution also averted a hearing on Wednesday at which the bank had been called to demonstrate why its licence to do business in New York should not be revoked.
Ian Gordon, an analyst at Investec Securities in London, said that the risk of further regulatory costs "appear sufficiently contained" to allow the bank's shares to build on a rally from their lows after Lawsky brought his case last week.
"Standard Chartered's management team have conducted themselves admirably in the face of extreme provocation," Mr. Gordon said.
The bank's shares rose 2.74 per cent to close at 1,370 pence ($21.47 U.S.) on Tuesday, before Mr. Lawsky's announcement.
Mr. Lawsky on Aug. 6 said Standard Chartered had hidden Iran-linked transactions with a total value of $250-billion, calling it a "rogue institution" for breaking U.S. sanctions laws.
Mr. Lawsky's order came like a bolt from the blue, the bank said, hitting its share price and bringing top executives hurrying back to London from vacation. Bank of England Governor Mervyn King said that Mr. Lawsky was out of step with other U.S. authorities. And Standard Chartered chief executive officer Peter Sands strongly denied the allegations, saying illegal transactions totalled less than $14-million.
In his announcement on Tuesday, Mr. Lawsky said the bank had "agreed that the conduct at issue involved transactions of at least $250-billion."
Standard Chartered confirmed that the two sides had reached an agreement, including the payment of $340-million, and said detailed terms would be concluded soon.
"It was a pragmatic decision in the beset interest of shareholders and customers," a spokesman for the bank said.
In addition to the civil penalty, Mr. Lawsky said the bank agreed to an outside monitor for at least two years who would check on money-laundering risk controls in its New York branch.
Mr. Lawsky's aggressive stance heightened his public profile just months after his agency, the Department of Financial Services, was created out of the state's banking and insurance regulators.
Within minutes of Mr. Lawsky's announcement, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo lauded the "effectiveness and leadership" of the new agency.
"New York needed a tough and fair regulator for the banking and insurance industries to protect consumers and investors," Mr. Cuomo said. "This state and nation are still paying the price for a failed regulatory system and that must not happen again."
But Mr. Lawsky has also drawn fire by jumping ahead of a two-year probe into Standard Chartered by the U.S. Treasury, the Federal Reserve, the Justice Department, and New York prosecutors.
As negotiations with Mr. Lawsky progressed last week and this week, the bank held separate talks with other authorities. It had hoped to land a deal on both fronts, but Mr. Lawsky's solo announcement Tuesday made clear that had not happened.
Underscoring a continuing divide between Mr. Lawsky and the other authorities, the Treasury Department issued a short statement saying only that it would keep pursuing its own inquiry and settlement with Standard Chartered.
"Treasury will continue working with our state and federal partners to hold Standard Chartered accountable for any sanctionable activity that may have occurred," it said.
The U.S. Federal Reserve said it "continues to work with the other agencies on a comprehensive resolution."
The Justice Department defended its record in fighting money laundering and said it was working with its regulatory and other partners "to determine what actions might be appropriate in this matter." The Manhattan district attorney's office declined to comment.
In the end, Mr. Lawsky's office won a settlement that was on par with fines paid by a handful of other banks that had improperly done business with sanctioned states such as Iran and Cuba. In 2010, Barclays PLC paid $298-million to settle a joint probe with federal and New York authorities.
Lloyds Banking Group and Credit Suisse Group have previously agreed to pay settlements of $350-million and $536-million, respectively. ING Bank NV paid a settlement of $619-million. HSBC Holdings PLC currently is under investigation by U.S. law enforcement, according to bank regulatory filings.