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An exterior view of the Standard Chartered headquarters is seen in London, Aug. 7, 2012.


What price a quiet life? Standard Chartered says $340-million (U.S.). That's how much the British bank paid to call off an assault from New York's Department of Financial Services (DFS), which had accused it of sanctions-busting trades. Now here's another question: Why would StanChart pay so much, when it had loudly proclaimed that the suspect transactions amounted to just $14-million?

StanChart's shareholders may be too relieved to ask. The shares rose as much as 5 per cent in Hong Kong on the settlement, which also involves installing a "monitor" at the bank's offices. The British-based lender's market capitalization is still around $5-billion less than before the DFS called it a "rogue institution" on Aug. 8, but at least the DFS now looks like a rogue regulator in retreat.

Still, these numbers don't obviously stack up. Dutch bank ING paid a settlement of $619-million for around $1.6-billion of similar transactions. Barclays paid $298-million for transactions of around $500-million, albeit those settlements were to different agencies. More puzzlingly, the DFS says both sides agreed the transactions at issue were $250-billion, a number StanChart originally denied.

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Of course, a fierce defence would have been risky for StanChart's shareholders. The DFS could be a powerful enemy and the loss of access to the U.S. clearing system – the ultimate penalty – would have been a grave blow. But then again, in most worlds other than banking, to make unjust and untransparent payments in return for being left in peace would sound like giving in to blackmail.

There is another possibility, that StanChart got its numbers wrong. But that would call the credibility of its key executives and chairman, John Peace, into question. For now, it isn't saying.

Shareholders may be reasonably happy with this settlement, but they're not always the best judge of what's right. Paying to be rid of an angry regulator may make business run more smoothly, but sets a bad precedent and makes the economy less efficient. If $340-million is the price of a quiet life, StanChart now needs to explain why it's worth it.

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